The key to understanding the challenge of creating effective enforcement mechanisms lies in understanding IMO's own authority and the current levels of authority provided to Flag States and Port States.
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Bunker barges fitted with a flow meter should be checked for proper functioning.
Always verify the condition of the sounding tape, which can be tampered with in many ways.
Mass flow meters promise to prevent many of the current tricks employed by unscrupulous individuals.
Varun Chhabria looks at the impact of tough markets in 2017 and shares his thoughts on what lies ahead.
A recent IMO study revealed that the current officer shortfall stands at about 16,500 officers and if trade increases, this may get worse.
A potential oil shortage looms in 2019-2020, Paul Kuklinski, Boston Energy Research, writes for Ship & Bunker.
The batteries will be recharged during navigation through shaft generators and with the aid of 600 m2 of solar panels.
Meanwhile, Donald Trump is singled out as the instigator of higher prices.
Port authority issues reminder for ships to conform with port rules.